Did you know that there are 5 different skin types? Knowing which skin type you are is important to help you decide which skincare products will work best for you. So what are the 5 skin types?
Normal skin is where the correct amount of sebum is produced through the glands, leaving your skin feeling elastic and supple. Sebum is produced by the skin’s sebaceous glands which are found on most parts of the body, but are most prominent in the forehead, chin, cheeks and centre of the back. It forms part of the oil that coats the skin and protects it from bacterial infection. It also reduces the natural water loss from the skin. Genes, diet, stress level, medication and even your skincare regime will determine how much oil your skin produces.
Normal skin usually looks smooth and the colouring even. If you touch your skin you will feel minor traces of oil, but not much. As the amount of sebum being produced is correct, it makes sense to conclude that this type of skin will age the best.
Although this type of skin is reported to require the least amount of treatment, it is still important to adopt a healthy routine which would comprise cleansing once or twice daily, applying a scrub or mask once a week.
Oily skin produces more of the body’s natural sebum than it requires. To determine if you have an oily skin type, when you waken in the morning before you wash your face, wipe your face with a tissue. If there is oil on the tissue, then you can assume you have oily skin.
Oily skin tends to be shiny with enlarged pores and is prone to blackheads and blemishes.
An oily skincare regime should include cleansing twice a day and applying a scrub once a week. It is important to note, that even though you have oily skin, it is still important to keep your skin moisturised. However the type of moisturiser you choose should be one which is light, containing light oils which are easily absorbed.
Whilst dry skin tends to look very attractive in our youth, it is prone to dry spots and wrinkles. Dry skin will flake and crack, particularly in the colder months due to lower humidity. And at times the skin may feel tight, itchy and irritated. If you were to touch your skin you would feel no oil on it.
Dry skin needs help from you to keep it moist. Therefore it is important to incorporate regular moisturising during the day – expect to moisturise 2 to 3 times each day. Additionally, it is important to cleanse the skin once daily and you may find it beneficial to apply a moisturising face mask once a week.
Combination skin is skin that is both oily and dry. There will be areas on the skin, for example the forehead, nose and chin, which are more oily and other parts of the skin, for example cheeks, temples and eye area, which are more dry.
This skin type requires quite a lot of maintenance as you may find you have to adopt the techniques described for both oily and dry skin types. Additionally you will have to use different products on the different areas of your skin, for example a heavy moisturiser may work on the dry areas but not on the oily areas.
In the areas where the skin is oily, you should wash twice daily and scrub once a week. In the dry areas, you should wash once a day, moisturise 2 to 3 times a day, and apply a moisturising mask once a week.
Sensitive skin usually tends to be dry skin which can become itch, tight, or irritated easily. Reddish patches may form which may appear scaly and flaky. Sensitive skin tends to be thin, delicate and with fine pores. It flushes easily, is prone to broken capillaries and can be rashy. Understandably, this is the most fragile skin type and requires a lot of gentle maintenance, using only products which contain gentle ingredients.
It is recommended to cleanse your face no more than once each day and apply a calming moisturising cream once or twice a day.
We're all unique and so is our skin type. However by determining what general skin type category you fall into will help you to look after your skin as best as possible and ensure it remains looking and feeling healthy.